Acronyms

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ACRONYMS

Acronym/
Abbreviation

Definition

ABA

acid base accounting

ACG

Australian Centre for Geomechanics

ACMER

Australian Centre for Mining Environmental Research

ADTI

Acid Drainage Technology Initiative

Ag

silver

Al

aluminum

ALD

anoxic limestone drain

AMD

acid mine drainage, acid and metalliferous drainage (Australia)

ANC

acid neutralizing capacity

ANFO

ammonium nitrate fuel oil

ANZECC

Australian and New Zealand Environmental and Conservation Council

AP

acid (generation) potential

APHA

American Public Health Association

AWWA

American Water Works Association

ARD

acid rock drainage

ARMCANZ

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand

As

arsenic

AS

Australian Standards

ASTM

American Standards for Testing and Materials

Au

gold

AVIRIS

airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer

AVS

acid volatile sulphide

BA

before-after

BACI

before-after-control-impact

BAT

best available technology

BCAMDTF

British Columbia Acid Mine Drainage Task Force

BC MEND

British Columbia Mine Environmental Neutral Drainage

BC MEMPR

British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources

BCR

biochemical reactor

BIF

banded iron formation

BLM

Biotic Ligand Model

BMF

biomagnification factor

BREF

best available reference

Ca

calcium

CaCO3

calcium carbonate

CA

cluster analysis

CANMET

Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology

CBR

contaminant body residue

CCBE

cover with capillary barrier effect

Cd

cadmium

CEN

Comité Européen de Normalisation

CESR

cost effective sulphate removal

CI

control-impact

Co

cobalt

COI

constituent of interest

COPC

contaminant of potential concern

CPE

chlorinated polyethylene

Cr

chromium

CSIR

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

CSM

conceptual site model

Cu

copper

DAD

decide, announce, defend

DEM

digital elevation model

DIAND

Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

DQO

data quality objective

DSM

dynamic system model

DWAF

Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

EA

environmental assessment

EC

European Commission

EC

electrical conductivity/electrical conductance

EDR

electrodialysis reversal

EIA

environmental impact assessment

EIS

environmental impact study

EMP

environmental management plan

EMS

environmental management system

ERA

environmental risk assessment

ESIA

environmental and social impact assessment

EU

European Union

F

fluoride

FA

factor analysis

Fe

iron

FIDIC

International Federation of Consulting Engineers

FLT

field leaching test

FMEA

failure mode and effects analysis

FS

feasibility study

GARD Guide

Global Acid Rock Drainage Guide

GB

Guobiao Standard (China National Standard)

GCL

geosynthetic clay liner

GIS

geographic information system

GPS

global positioning system

GRI

Global Reporting Initiative

ha

hectare

HCT

humidity cell test

HDPE

high density polyethylene

HDS

high density sludge

HHRA

human health risk assessment

HSEC

health, safety, environment, and community

IAP2

International Association for Public Participation

ICARD

International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage

ICMI

International Cyanide Management Institute

ICMM

International Council of Mining and Metals

ICP-MS

inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMPI

integrated and managed passive treatment

IMWA

International Mine Water Association

INAP

International Network for Acid Prevention

IOR

intrinsic oxidation rate

IPPC

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

IFC

International Finance Corporation

ISO

International Standards Organization

kg

kilogram

KPCS

Kimberley Process Certification Scheme

KPI

key performance indicator

LLDPE

linear low density polyethylene

LOE

line of evidence

MAA

multiple accounts analysis

MAC

Mining Association of Canada

MCA

Minerals Council of Australia

MEND

Mine Environmental Neutral Drainage (Initiative)

Mg

magnesium

mg/kg

milligrams per kilogram

mg/L

milligrams per liter

MIW

mining influenced water

ML

metal leaching

µm

micrometer

mm

millimeter

M&M

management and maintenance

MMER

Metal Mining Effluent Regulations

MMSD

Minerals, Mining, and Sustainable Development (project)

Mn

manganese

MP

management plan

MRG

metal-rich granules

MSF

metal sensitive fractions

MVT

Mississippi Valley Type

MWMP

Meteoric Water Mobility Procedure

NAG

net acid generation (test method) or non-acid generating

NAPP

net acid producing potential

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NBR

Norma Brasileira Registrada

NCV

net carbonate value

NEPC

National Environmental Protection Council

NF

nano-filtration

NGO

non-governmental organization

Ni

nickel

NMD

neutral mine drainage

NNP

net neutralization potential

NOAMI

National Orphaned/Abandoned Mines Initiative

NP

neutralization potential

NPR

net potential ratio

NPV

net present value

NRCan

Natural Resources Canada

NZS

New Zealand Standards

O&M

operation and maintenance

OLD

open limestone drain

OSM

Office of Surface Mining

PaDEP

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

PADRE

Partnership for Acid Drainage Remediation in Europe

PAG

potentially acid generating

Pb

lead

PCA

principal component analysis

PD

probability distribution

PDCP

public consultation and disclosure plan

PDF

probability density function

PE

polyethylene

PPA

potential problem assessment

PVC

polyvinyl chloride

QA

quality assurance

QAPP

quality assurance project plan

QC

quality control

RAPS

reducing and alkalinity producing system

redox

reduction oxidation

RMA

Resource Management Act

RMP

risk management plan

RO

reverse osmosis

ROPC

receptor of potential concern

RQD

rock quality designation

S

sulphur

SAP

sampling and analysis plan

SAPS

successive alkalinity producing system

Sb

antimony

SD

saline drainage

Se

selenium

SEM

scanning electron microscope

SOP

standard operating procedure

SPARRO

slurry precipitation and recycle reverse osmosis

SPLP

Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure

SRB

sulphate-reducing bacteria

SSD

species sensitivity distribution

SWCC

soil water characteristic curve

SQG

Sediment Quality Guideline

SUNY

State University of New York

TAM

trophically available metal

TCLP

Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure

TDR

time-domain reflectrometry

TDS

total dissolved solids

TIC

total inorganic carbon

TIE

toxicity identification evaluation

TOC

total organic carbon

TRC

tissue residue criterion/criteria

TSF

tailings storage facility

U

uranium

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

US

United States

USA

United States of America

USEPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

USGS

United States Geological Survey

VEC

valued ecosystem component

VFA

volatile fatty acids

VMS

volcanogenic massive sulphide

WAD

weak acid dissociable

WEF

Water Environment Federation

WET

Waste Extraction Test

WHO

World Health Organization

WQ

water quality

WQG

water quality guideline

WOE

weight of evidence

WRC

Water Research Commission

XRD

X-ray diffraction

Zn

zinc


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